While moles are normal in most people, you need to realize that they carry a significant risk of developing into complicated skin conditions. As such, it is crucial that you learn the basic tips that are helpful in identifying fresh moles under the skin as well as changes in the existing ones. This knowledge will be instrumental in ensuring that you adopt the best treatment strategies early enough before the situation worsens. This article provides crucial information on identification and treatment of moles under your skin.

Moles under the skin: Identification and Causes

Identifying a mole is the initial stage in the elimination process. Ideally, some individuals are born with the moles and thus they have grown with them. In such cases, there is no need to worry about identification since the moles are congenital and that particular individual has been aware of their existence all through.

Good and bad moleHowever, there are cases where a person can develop moles under their skin at advanced stages of their lives. Such developments trigger disquiet among many people due to the fear that the mole might be malignant which would eventually result in skin cancer. Such thoughts make many people think of mole removal to avert any danger of the mole progressing into a harmful melanoma.

Most moles start as a small pimple that turns into a conspicuous bump that can either be significantly raised or relatively flat. They are uniformly colored appearing as black spots, brown, or tan. A normal mole should be either round or oval and has a maximum diameter of 6 inches.

If a mole develops during adulthood, it should be checked by a doctor to eliminate the risk of skin cancer. Also, you should look out for abnormal changes in existing moles including color changes, change in shape, and diameter. If the moles start having pink or blue patches; irregular borders; and experience an increase in size, you shouldn’t hesitate to consult your doctor.

Also, you shouldn’t over concentrate on the face and forget other parts of the body since these moles can occur on any part of the skin. For example, a crusty mole on foot requires urgent medical evaluation to rule out cancer and initiate melanoma treatment where necessary.

There are several causes of moles that appear under your skin including:

  1. Unusual growth of melanocytes. The cells responsible for skin color can abnormally grow into a cluster instead of spreading evenly on the skin. These clusters develop into moles under your skin. As they are exposed to light, they tend to darken. While they can develop among people of any race, the moles are more common in fair-skinned people due to their low amounts of melanin.
    Abnormally cells
  2. Congenital moles. There are children that are born with moles as their birthmarks. These moles are largely acquired due to genetic factors. Also, genetics plays a crucial role even in some individuals developing the moles after birth. You’re at a high risk of developing moles if there exist a history of moles in your family.
  3. Hormonal Variation. Most moles develop before individuals attain 20 years due to adolescent phase synonymous with hormonal changes. Also, pregnancy can lead to hormonal change and consequently trigger the development of moles.
  4. Sunlight. Too much sunlight, especially in the early years, tends to increase the growth of moles. You should reduce the exposure to sunlight by applying sunscreen for at least twice daily whenever you’re working under the sun.

Black spots under the skin: Diagnosis

You are taking a shower and you realize a black spot under your skin. You’re shocked and not sure what its emergence mean to the health of your skin. Well, we will help you unearth the possible diagnosis of the black spots to ensure that you take the right decision to either let them be or to curb them at an early stage.

Here are some of the possible diagnostic conclusions that can result from the appearance of the black spots:

  • Normal Moles. This is one of the harmless reasons that can lead to dark spots under your skin. A mole occurs when the melanocytes responsible for releasing melanin forms into clusters leading to skin growths. When exposed to sunlight, these spots turn into dark sections that are conspicuous when showering. In most cases, you will realize that the spots are flat and clearly under the skin. If this is the case, then you need to relax and apply various DIY elimination techniques such as lemon application. However, you may need the input of a professional to confirm the status of the dark spots before concluding that they are normal moles. This is especially crucial if the spots appeared during adulthood since they can have more than one diagnosis as we shall discuss here.
    Normal face mole
  • Age spots. This will depend on the age of the affected individual. There are no clear causes of this occurrence but there is a firm belief that the prolonged exposure to sunlight coupled with the aging skin contributes significantly to age spots. These dark spots pose no health risk and you shouldn’t worry when you experience such. We, however, insist that you should talk to your dermatologist for professional guidance if you need to eliminate them.
    Age spots on hand
  • Hyperpigmentation. This condition is characterized by dark spots that appear under the skin on the face, hands, and other highly conspicuous sections of the body. It results from overproduction of melanin on specific spots of the skin which appears as black spots. The number of these spots may vary from just a few to numerous of them that appear to form clusters depending on the severity of the situation. This condition is closely related to age spots or can occur if you recently had an inflammatory disorder. You need to seek medical advice immediately you notice their occurrence.
    Face hyperpigmentation

The dark spots can appear in different sections of the skin including:

  • Face. This part of the body is the most conspicuous and whenever a dark spot occurs, it becomes a threat to your confidence and self-esteem. Unfortunately, the face is constantly exposed to sunlight and is thus more prone to developing the dark spots than other covered parts of the skin. The condition is common along the cheeks and the forehead regions. If you need to get rid of them, you should consult a professional to determine whether they pose any danger to your health.
  • Back of the hands and forearms. These sections of the skin are exposed to both sunlight and physical distress which may contribute to the development of the dark spots. Chemical substances may interfere with the normal functioning of melanocytes leading to hyperpigmentation in these regions. As such, you should establish both curative and preventive measures to curb the problem.
  • Upper Back and Shoulders. While these areas are primarily covered, they are also at a risk of developing the dark spots. In this case, the cause is majorly abnormalities in the functioning of melanocytes and you need medical guidance to determine their safety.
  • Raised. Dark spots on the skin that are raised on the skin are moles. If they appeared during adulthood, there is a significant risk that they may progress into melanoma. As such, you should remove the moles professionally.

How to tell if a black spot under the skin is skin cancer?

Always consult your dermatologist when you notice suspicious black spots under your skin. The evaluation report from a doctor will give the necessary recommendations for handling the situation. If the spots are found harmless, then you’ll be at liberty to determine the technique to apply for elimination.

Doctor check it out

Never try DIY techniques on black spots before consulting doctor.

The following signs could be signs of cancerous moles and you should never ignore them!

The ABCDE rule is golden and you should use it to evaluate both the dark spots and the moles as below:

  1. Asymmetry. The dark spots must be symmetrical. If you notice weird and irregular growth, then you should talk to a doctor immediately. One half should never be different from the other half
  2. Boarder. Poorly defined borders of the spots
  3. Color Variation. If the spots change from black to pink, blue, or red, you should take tests to rule out cancer.
  4. Diameter. If yours has a diameter larger than the eraser of a pencil, then see a doctor
  5. Evolving. Any change in the black spots in texture, color, size, or shape should never be ignored.

ABCDE mole changes

A large number of the dark spots are completely harmless and less likely to develop into cancers. Be careful of dysplastic moles that may start bleeding and develop into painful moles.

Treatment Options

Your doctor can apply any of the following techniques to remove the moles:

  • Cutting: Here, the affected area is cut out using surgical scissors or a scalpel. A few stitches may then be needed to close the skin.
    Surgical instrument
  • Freezing: If the mole is not cancerous and has not grown too deep into the skin, it can be removed using liquid nitrogen. Read more here.
    Mole freezing
  • Shave Removal: there are moles that can be easily cut using a scalpel.
    Shave mole removal
  • Laser Removal: This is applied to moles that do not protrude above the skin. Here, high bursts of light radiation are used to destroy the mole. Click the link to find out more.
    Laser mole removal

Bottom Line

Identifying moles is crucial in preventing skin complications that may result if the moles turn into melanoma. As such, visit your dermatologist for assessment when you notice weird changes with your moles!

You can find further details of Types of moles here.